OVN Upgrades

Since OVN is a distributed system, special consideration must be given to the process used to upgrade OVN across a deployment. This document discusses the two recommended Upgrade procedures, Rolling upgrade and Fail-safe upgrade.

Which one to choose depends on whether you are running a version of OVN that is within range of upstream support for upgrades to the version of OVN you want to upgrade to.

Release Notes

You should always check the OVS and OVN release notes (NEWS file) for any release specific notes on upgrades.


OVN depends on and is included with OVS. It’s expected that OVS and OVN are upgraded together, partly for convenience. OVN is included in OVS releases so it’s easiest to upgrade them together. OVN may also make use of new features of OVS only available in that release.

Upgrade procedures

Rolling upgrade

  1. Upgrade ovn-controller
  2. Upgrade OVN Databases and ovn-northd
  3. Upgrade OVN Integration

In order to successfully perform a rolling upgrade, the ovn-controller process needs to understand the structure of the database for the version you are upgrading from and to simultaneously.

To avoid buildup of complexity and technical debt we limit the span of versions supported for a rolling upgrade on Long-term Support Releases (LTS), and it should always be possible to upgrade from the previous LTS version to the next.

The first LTS version of OVN was 22.03. If you want to upgrade between other versions, you can use the Fail-safe upgrade procedure.

Fail-safe upgrade

  1. Upgrade to the most recent point release or package version available for the major version of OVN you are upgrading from.

  2. Enable the version pinning feature in the ovn-controller by setting the external_ids:ovn-match-northd-version flag to ‘true’ as documented in the ovn-controller man page.

  3. If the version of OVN you are upgrading from does not have the version pinning check in the incremental processing engine, you must stop ovn-northd and manually change the northd_internal_version to ensure the controllers go into fail-safe mode before processing changes induced by the upgrade.

    $ sudo /usr/share/ovn/scripts/ovn-ctl stop_northd –ovn-manage-ovsdb=no $ sudo ovn-sbctl set sb-global . options:northd_internal_version=”foo”

  4. Upgrade OVN Databases and ovn-northd

  5. Upgrade ovn-controller

  6. Upgrade OVN Integration

When upgrading between a span of versions that is not supported, you may be at risk for the new ovn-controller process not understanding the structure of the old database, which may lead to data plane downtime for running instances.

To avoid this there is a fail safe approach, which involves making the ovn-controller process refrain from making changes to the local flow state when a version mismatch between the ovn-controller and ovn-northd is detected.


This section documents individual steps in a upgrade procedure in no particular order. For information on ordering of the steps, please refer to the Upgrade procedures section.

Upgrade ovn-controller

You should start by upgrading ovn-controller on each host it’s running on. First, you upgrade the OVS and OVN packages. Then, restart the ovn-controller service. You can restart with ovn-ctl:

$ sudo /usr/share/ovn/scripts/ovn-ctl restart_controller

or with systemd:

$ sudo systemd restart ovn-controller

Upgrade OVN Databases and ovn-northd

The OVN databases and ovn-northd should be upgraded next. Since ovn-controller has already been upgraded, it will be ready to operate on any new functionality specified by the database or logical flows created by ovn-northd.

Upgrading the OVN packages installs everything needed for an upgrade. The only step required after upgrading the packages is to restart ovn-northd, which automatically restarts the databases and upgrades the database schema, as well.

You may perform this restart using the ovn-ctl script:

$ sudo /usr/share/ovn/scripts/ovn-ctl restart_northd

or if you’re using a Linux distribution with systemd:

$ sudo systemctl restart ovn-northd

In case your deployment utilizes OVN Interconnection (OVN IC) functionality, it is also needed to restart ovn-ic daemons and separately restart ovn-ic databases.

You may perform this restart using the ovn-ctl script:

$ sudo /usr/share/openvswitch/scripts/ovn-ctl restart_ic
$ sudo /usr/share/openvswitch/scripts/ovn-ctl restart_ic_ovsdb

or if you’re using a Linux distribution with systemd:

$ sudo systemctl restart ovn-ic
$ sudo systemctl restart ovn-ic-db

Schema Change

During database upgrading, if there is schema change, the DB file will be converted to the new schema automatically, if the schema change is backward compatible. OVN tries the best to keep the DB schemas backward compatible.

However, there can be situations that an incompatible change is reasonble. An example of such case is to add constraints in the table to ensure correctness. If there were already data that violates the new constraints got added somehow, it will result in DB upgrade failures. In this case, user should manually correct data using ovn-nbctl (for north-bound DB) or ovn-sbctl (for south- bound DB), and then upgrade again following previous steps. Below is a list of known impactible schema changes and how to fix when error encountered.

  1. Release 2.11: index [type, ip] added for Encap table of south-bound DB to prevent duplicated IPs being used for same tunnel type. If there are duplicated data added already (e.g. due to improper chassis management), a convenient way to fix is to find the chassis that is using the IP with command:

    $ ovn-sbctl show

    Then delete the chassis with command:

    $ ovn-sbctl chassis-del <chassis>
  2. Release 22.12: index [transit_switch, availability_zone, route_table, ip_prefix, nexthop] added for OVN Interconnection Southbound DB table Route. If there are duplicated records in this table, users are adviced to upgrade ovn-ic daemons in all availability zones first and after that convert OVS schema (restart ovn-ic database daemon).

Upgrade OVN Integration

Lastly, you may also want to upgrade integration with OVN that you may be using. For example, this could be the OpenStack Neutron driver or ovn-kubernetes.

OVN’s northbound database schema is a backwards compatible interface, so you should be able to safely complete an OVN upgrade before upgrading any integration in use.